The word “Karma” means “deed” or “action” in the ancient Sanskrit language and is a central teaching to all schools of Buddhism, and all teachings and interpretations of the Dharma.
Karma governs the concept of “cause and effect”, meaning that all “intentional” deeds produce results that the doer (“you”) will eventual feel. Based on that fact, you would obviously want to do “good deeds” so that you would receive positive karmic effects. Otherwise, any “bad deeds” you do would produce negative (unwholesome) karmic effects. And it’s just not you who has Karma, but also other types of sentient beings, communities, countries, and even the earth.
There are three types of Karma as identified by the Buddha:
- Karma generated by the body (your actions)
- Karma generated by speech (your words)
- Karma generated by the mind (your thoughts)
This means any actions you intentionally do with your body, speech, or mind will create karmic results.
- Wholesome karmic actions are based upon generosity, compassion, kindness, sympathy, mindfulness or wisdom
- Unwholesome karmic actions are based upon greed, hatred, and delusion
There are four types of karmic results:
- Negative Karma: Actions that only produce negative karmic effects
- Positive Karma: Actions that only produce positive karmic effects
- Both Negative and Positive Karma: Actions that produce some negative, and some positive, karmic effects
- Neither Negative or Positive Karma: Also known as “karma without outflows” is the type of karma of enlightened beings
And remember, it’s what you intentionally do that matters. For example, if you unintentionally stepped on spider, there is neither wholesome or negative karma in regards to that action. However, if you are out to get the spiders at all costs, then it’s negative karma seeds you are planting.